Imagining and governing an Arctic animal in twentieth-century Sweden
Nyckelord:Reindeer, Reindeer husbandry, Animal Studies, Chernobyl, Slow Food Sápmi, Food Sovereignty, Sámi, Cultivation border
This paper explores the imagined reindeer of the twentieth century. It examines the relationship between humans and the Arctic animal in a historical perspective and highlights five ways of imagining the reindeer. Over time, it was assigned the role of an exclusively Sámi animal and an unruly trespasser, but also turned into a modernization project before it became a vulnerable victim of toxicity, only to be reinvented as a harbinger of Sámi food sovereignty. Drawing from animal studies and using a range of archival material, I argue that each way of imagining the reindeer was followed by extensive policy and legal efforts in order to make the reindeer compliant and predictable. These efforts did not necessarily lead to the intended results, and hence the reindeer remained “unruly”. Analyzing the shifting meanings contributes to a better understanding of the history of the European Arctic from the vantage point of animal history.
Copyright (c) 2024 Corinna Röver
Det här verket är licensierat under en Creative Commons Erkännande 4.0 Internationell-licens.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The copyright for the work published in Lychnos remains with the authors.